题目：The chart shows the percentage of unemployed people aged between 15 and 24 in five European countries in 2005, with the overall unemployment in 2005.
The bar charts give some information about how long the people worked each week each week in France, Denmark, Sweden and the UK in the year of 2002.
In France, more than half of the workers worked for 31 to 35 hours per week. The percentage of people who worked for 36-40 hours and 46-50 hours was 35% and 20% respectively. And the figure for the rest working hours accounted for around 10%.
Denmark and Sweden witnessed the highest proportion of people working for 36-40 hours, which was quite different from that in France. The second and the third place came from 31-35 hours and 41-45 hours (25% and 12% in Denmark; 35% and 30% in Sweden). Additionally, the proportion of people who worked for less or more hours in Denmark was higher than in Sweden.
When it comes to the UK, it is interesting to note that as the working hours increased, the proportion seemed to be higher, expect the figure for 36-40 hours. 50% of the British people’s working hours lasted for 36-40 hours.
Overall, France was the country where people worked for the least hours, while the Swedish spent the most time on work among the people from these four different countries.
It is a good thing for those in the senior management position to have higher salaries than other workers in the same company or organization. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(29/10/2016)
公司或机构的高级管理人员的收入是否应该比一般工人或工作人员高很多?可能多数人的答案是肯定的。听说，在国外企业(比如Microsoft, IBM, Google等)，高管人员收入大大超过普通员工，当然其承担压力也是一般员工所无法比拟的。那么，到底哪些因素决定高管收入要大大超过普通员工呢?可能很多同学对这个问题没有什么头绪，甚至想不出什么内容来，更不要说讲出一些有逻辑有条理的道理来。
Those who hold a senior management position are paid much higher than other workers and technicians in the same company or organisation. I believe this is reasonable because the top executives usually work longer hours and under greater pressure, and more importantly, they are harder to find in the job market.
Compared with other workers or technicians whose main task it is to perform their own responsibilities, a top manager has to fully grasp the market dynamics before making suitable business plans and then coordinates various resources available to him/her to achieve the targets and objectives. This means the top executive has to work with people of all levels in the company such as HR, financial officers, technology people, technicians, and so on, and not surprisingly, he/she has to work many extra hours. Besides longer work hours, the high-level manager has to work under tremendous load of stress because he/she is probably the only one to be responsible for the survival, development and profitability of the company. If he or she fails in managing a company, his/her whole professional career may be at stake. We have had numerous examples of top managers who can no longer find a job after their failure in the previous positions. Just because the top management positions are highly demanding, people suitable for these positions are hard to come by. As a matter of fact, there are always more excellent technicians than managers in the job market, which is an important reason why top managers can often earn much higher salaries than technicians.
Of course, there are always managers out there who are paid highly yet should not be. They are not efficient or effective, nor cooperative enough to lead their team. At the same time, we can also always find the most excellent technicians or workers who receive the same salaries as their managers. This most likely happens when the economy is suffering from recession, when the demand for the technicians is even higher than the managers.