1. The chart shows the percentage of unemployed people aged between 15 and 24 in five European countries in 2005, with the overall unemployment in 2005.(23/07/2015)
This bar chart shows the amount of financial aid by six economically developed countries between 2008 and 2010, measured in billions of dollars.
US provided the most aid in all three years, and, despite a slight drop to $ 20 billion from 22 $ billion in the first year, the figure rose to $ 25 billion in 2010. Germany, UK and Japan were the other three major donors， though the average figures were only about half that of US at around $ 10 billion. While Germany continually increased their aid, making it $ 15 bill ion in 2010，the other two countries reduced their donation in 2009 before rises in 2010.
The aid from Netherland and Sweden was always under $ 10 billion, yet the three years saw similar changes in the figures. Starting at about $ 7 billion, the financial support grew to roughly $ 9 billion and $ 8 billion respectively in 2009, followed by slight decreases.
Overall, US contributed most in supporting the developing world. Whilst the aids of most countries fluctuated in three years, Germany was the only rountry with consistent, increases.
1. In some countries around the world men and women are having children late in life. What are the reasons for this development? What are the effects on society and family life?(08/12/2012、21/05/2015)
In some countries around the world men and women are having children late in life. What are the reasons for this development? What are the effects on society and family life?
These days, owing to the advances in biomedical technology, there is a growing tendency in some countries for fresh couples to have children late in their life. From my perspective, this notable trend may associate with women themselves as well as with the increasingly soaring cost of living.
Obviously, women tend to receive longer education in their life span, which means they may get late marriage and consequently have postponed child-bearing. Furthermore, with longer and better education, women may reconsider their role in marriage. To be specific, they may attach more attention to their career trying to be professional in their field, compared with their traditional counterparts mainly performing the role of mother in a family. Apart from the reason coming from women themselves, the high cost of living in some countries may also contribute to this phenomenon. Not only can feeding a family be burdensome for young couples, but offering high quality education for their offspring could be an even more daunting task, which to a large extent hinder their progress to be parents.
Admittedly, having late child-bearing may enable women to fulfill their career ambitions and allow young couples to establish a solid financial base. However, despite the contribution of medical science, late child-bearing may make women be confronted with the pregnancy problems such as low fertility and the high risk of genetic disorder, which could be detrimental to their physical and mental health. Furthermore, postponed child-bearing could also trigger the decline of overall population, which in turn can exacerbate the problem of ageing population, ending up with more pressure on feeding the elderly for our future generations.
To conclude, although having postponed child-bearing could pave the way for women's career development, and enable young couples to better prepare for parents in terms of financial support, the risk of such practice for individuals and society should not be ignored and the analysis seems to indicate its drawbacks outweigh its merits. Thus, government and communities are supposed to do more to help our young couples to get balanced in this issue.
In many countries: people tend to have babies at a much older age: compared with the generations of their parents and grandparents. I believe economic status and modem lifestyles are responsible for this.
Due to the development of the society, the cost of raising a child has increased significantly. Young people, particularly those living in big cities, often suffer from high pressure in finance. Considering this: they constantly postpone their plans of having babies till they believe they are financially prepared. Other factor worth mentioning is the decline of birth rate, which means families do not have as many children as two decades ago. Therefore, it is easy to understand why most couples do not give birth to children at an early age.
For some countries like China, for example, this phenomenon leads to the decrease of total population and eases the pressure on public facilities; and resources in big cities. Hence, it is encouraged by the Chinese government. For young people themselves, they have more time to pursue their academic degrees and take more challenges at work in their young adulthood: without distraction from family chores. When they decide to have babies, they are in a better financial situation and they have a clearer perspective of life.
However, having babies late in life may cause problems to the society and individuals. In some countries, the expansion of aged population has become a big concern of society and it is getting worse as a result of young people's unwillingness to have babies. In addition: as the age of pregnancy increases, the risk of delivering babies goes up, and this factor should be considered by young people.
To sum up, when to have babies is a personal choice and it is hard to say whether it is right or wrong.